Glossary

Alternative Energy: Term that refers to any source of usable energy intended to replace fossil fuels and nuclear energy without the high carbon dioxide emissions. Examples include wind, solar and hydro power.

Biodiesel: Name of the clean burning alternative fuel, produced from domestic, renewable resources. It contains no petroleum, but can be blended at any level with petroleum diesel to create a biodiesel blend.

Chevy Volt: Hybrid electric vehicle that goes 40 miles on an electric charge. It also has a gasoline-powered generator that can kick in to recharge the vehicle’s batteries when needed.

Circuit: Two-seater electric sports car created by Dodge.

e-tron: High performance sports car with a  purely electric drive system created by Audi.

Electric Car Charger: Device used to recharge electric vehicle batteries that can either be mounted onto a wall or in the ground.

Electric Car Charging Station: Areas that contain external chargers for electric vehicles. Each station contains a plug that becomes attached to the vehicle, providing it with the electrical energy needed to fully charge car.

Electric Vehicle Batteries: Rechargeable batteries that provide electric vehicles with the necessary energy to operate. Examples include: Lead-Acid batteries, Lithium Ion batteries and Nickel Metal Hydride batteries.

Electric Vehicle: A vehicle that runs on electricity. Instead of using gasoline to operate, it utilizes rechargeable batteries as its primary source of energy.

Energy Conversion Unit: One of two energy sources in a hybrid electric vehicle. These units are typically an internal combustion engine or fuel cell.

Energy Storage Device: The other energy source in a hybrid electric vehicle that exist in the form of batteries.

Ethanol: An alcohol that’s used in gasoline––resulting in a cleaner burning fuel with higher octane. It’s currently blended into more than 50 percent of the nation’s fuel supply.

EV-1: The first electric vehicle of the 20th century to be mass-produced and sold to the public. It was created by General Motors and was built with two doors and two seats.

Flex Fuel Vehicles: Designed to run on gasoline or a blend of up to 85 percent ethanol

Focus EV: The electric version of the Ford focus, which looks identical to the gasoline powered focus. It gets a range of nearly 80 miles on a charge and peak power of 141 horsepower.

Fossil Fuels: Consist of coal, oil and natural gas and currently provide more than 85 percent of all the energy consumed in the United States.

Fuel Cells: Electrochemical products that produce fuel and oxidants.

Fuel Economy: Refers to the efficiency of a vehicle: the number of miles driven divided by the number of gallons consumed.

Hybrid Vehicle: A vehicle that uses two or more sources of power to operate. These two sources include an electric motor and gasoline-powered engine.

Hydrogen Vehicles: Also known as Fuel Cell vehicles (FCVs) are electric vehicles, but instead of getting electricity from charged batteries, they get it from fuel cells using hydrogen as the energy carrier. They have many engineering challenges to solve before they’ll ever be made widely available.

i-Miev: Mitsubishi Motor’s electric vehicle with zero emissions that runs on high-energy density lithium batteries.

Mini-E: A zero-emissions electric car created by Mini that’s going through a yearlong field trial now.

Nissan LEAF: Zero-emission compact, hatchback electric vehicle. When its battery is fully charged, it has a driving range of 100 city miles. The acronym stands for Leading, Environmentally Friendly, Affordable Family Car.

Plug-In Hybrid: Like any normal hybrid, but with a larger battery capacity and the ability to plug into the electrical grid to charge the batteries.

Plugging-In: This is the term that refers to the act of literally plugging your electric vehicle into a power source for energy.

Renewable Energy: Energy which comes from natural resources such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides and geothermal heat.

“Vehicle-to-grid”: Technology that allows a two-way connection between the vehicle and the local utility grid. While the vehicle is not in use, the utility could take advantage of it’s extra electrical storage and pay the owner of the vehicle for it.